What are Bacteria?
Bacteria refers to a wide range of microorganisms which include coliform, cyanbacteria (algae), staphylococcus, legionella pneumophila (Legionaires’ disease), shigella dysenteriae (Dysentery), and escherichia coli (E. coli). Bacteria are some of the first forms of life to develop and can be found in almost every habitation the planet.
Is There Bacteria in My Water?
Testing for specific types of bacteria is time-consuming and costly. Instead, organizations like the EPA and local water providers will test for Coliform bacteria, as it is an indicator that a water supply could be contaminated.
How To Remove Bacteria From Your Drinking Water?
There are multiple ways to disinfect drinking water. These are ultraviolet disinfection, continuous chlorination, shock chlorination, and distillation. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection uses natural radioactive light to damage the DNA in microbes, preventing them from reproducing. Continuous chlorination disinfects using chlorine, however it will add a taste and odor to the water, not to mention trihalomethanes (THMs) can form when the chlorine interacts with organic matter present in the water. Shock chlorination uses chlorine as well, however this is a temporary solution. Distillation is the method of boiling water until it turns into steam, then re-condensing the steam back into water which kills any organism in the process. However distillation requires a lot of energy and time when compared with other purification methods.
Ultraviolet Systems Ceramic Filter Cartridges & Candles MAF-14EP Under Sink System
NSF 55 Certified
NSF/ANSI Standard 55: Ultraviolet Microbiological Water Treatment Systems
Overview: This standard establishes requirements for point-of-use (POU) and point-of-entry (POE) ultraviolet systems and includes two optional classifications. Class A systems (40,000 uwsec/cm2) are designed to disinfect and/or remove microorganisms from contaminated water, including bacteria and viruses, to a safe level. Class B systems (16,000 uw-sec/cm2) are designed for supplemental bactericidal treatment of public drinking water or other drinking water, which has been deemed acceptable by a local health agency.
Sources of Information on Bacteria
- EPA – Drinking Water Contaminants: Microorganisms
- Wikipedia – Waterborne Diseases – Bacterial Infections
- Wikipedia – Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation
- H2O Distributors – Ultraviolet Puriification
The foregoing information was compiled from the the links listed above.
Hydraulic fracturing (sometimes referred to as fracking or hydrofracking) is a relatively new form of natural gas extraction.
The fluids used in the fracking process flow back to the surface, often entering the water table or polluting the drilling area, and sometimes improper disposal of waste water from the wells.
As our technology advances, so do new forms of pollution and contaminants that effect our environment and our health.
Read more about drinking water contaminants and their health effects.
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Chromium-6 was found in the drinking water supply of the southern California town of Hinkley and brought to national attention by Erin Brockovich.
The EPA is reviewing effects of Chromium-6 after a recent report brought to light dangerous levels in a number of major US cities.
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Symptoms of Giardiasis usually show after 3 to 4 days, and include gastrointestinal and constitutional problems.
Cryptosporidiosis is a disease caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium parvum.
Since a outbreak in 1993 in Wisconson, new attention has been focused on determining and reducing the risk for Cryptosporidiosis from community and municipal water supplies.
What is ultraviolet light? Do I need to filter the water before the UV process? How exactly can light kill organisms?
Visit our ‘How Ultraviolet Purification Works‘ guide to find out how it works.
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Step by step instructions on installing replacement cartridges and sanitizing filter housings. It is highly recommended that you clean and sanitize your system once a year.
Step by step instructions on making a connection with Twist and Lock fittings. Twist-Lock fittings allow you to connect and disconnect tubing without the need of tools.
Step by step instructions on making a connection with SharkBite Push-To-Connect fittings. SharkBite fittings allow you to connect and disconnect pipes without the need of using PVC glue or welding copper.
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Use our Pore Size Efficiency Guide to find out what micron size to use.
Pleated sediment cartridges remove dirt, rust and sediment from water while providing an increased surface area and longer life. Pleated filters down to 5 microns are washable and reusable.
Use our Pleated Sediment Cartridge Comparison to find the filter cartridge you need.
When brewing beer with tap or bottled water, chlorine and chloramine present in the water can combine with malt phenols in the wort to create a compound called chlorophenol, which can give the beer a medicinal taste.
View our Filtered Water for Home Beer Brewing guide.
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Use our Bottled Water Cost Calculator to find out how much of an impact you have on the environment.